UGANDA is rich with diverse wildlife species and is unmatched on the continent as a bird watching destination. There are over 1000 bird species recorded in Uganda. Besides, the parks are also rich in Flora and Aqua fauna. Much of the south is heavily influenced by one of the world’s biggest lakes, Lake Victoria, which contains many islands. Lake Kyoga is in the center of the country and is surrounded by extensive marshy area. Although the country is landlocked, it contains many large lakes besides Victoria and Kyoga, there are Albert, Edward and the smaller Lake George. The country lies almost completely within the Nile basin, the Victoria Nile drains from Lake Victoria into Kyoga and into Albert on the Congolese border. It then runs northwards into south Sudan. An area in eastern Uganda is drained by the Suam River, part of the internal drainage basin of Lake Turkana. The extreme north-eastern part of Uganda drains into the Lotikipi basin which is primarily in Kenya
Uganda has 10 National Parks managed by Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA). The parks are protected and conserved purposely for wildlife management with minimal, planned human development activities. The National parks include; Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park (BWNP), Kidepo Valley National Park (KVNP), Kibale Forest National Park (KNP), Mount Elgon National Park (MENP), Lake Mburo National Park (LMNP), Mgahinga Gorilla National Park (MGNP), Rwenzori Mountains National Park (RMNP), Queen Elizabeth National Park (QENP), Murchison Falls National Park (MFNP) and Semliki National Park (SNP). These parks display the best in East Africa. Their rift valley landscapes and tropical forests make dramatic backdrops to an extensive variety of flora and fauna.
Uganda has got wildlife reserves also popularly known as Game Reserves are as well protected areas under the management of Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA). The reserves give some spectacular scenery and are habitants to some of the key species of fauna and flora. They are worth exploring.There are 12 wildlife reserves, some of which include; Pian Upe wildlife reserve (PUWR), Toro Semliki wildlife reserve (TSWR), Katonga wildlife reserve (KWR), Matheniko Bokora wildlife reserves (MBWR), Ajai wildlife reserve (AWR), Kyambura wildlife reserve (KWR), Kigezi wildlife reserve (KWR), among others. Uganda is home to vast number of species, including a population of Mountain gorillas in the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Gorillas and Golden monkeys in the Maghinga Gorilla National Park, and Hippos in the Murchison Falls National Park.
Uganda has warm tropical climate with temperatures falling in the 25 -29 degrees Celsius range on an average. The months from December to February are the hottest, but even during this season the evenings can be chilly with temperatures 17 – 18 degrees Celsius range. The rainy seasons are from March to May and from September to November during these months, heavy rains can make roads and terrains hard to traverse.
There’s nothing like up-to-date, relevant travel information direct from the experts – get essential Uganda travel advice before you go.
Money & Spending
Uganda’s unit of currency is the Uganda Shilling and you’d be advised to get some on arrival as it is far easier to buy drinks, curios and meals in the local currency when travelling between destinations.
US Dollars are widely accepted throughout the country though note that cash is best: traveller’s cheques and credit cards can be used at most lodges and in Kampala but attract hefty transaction fees.
Tipping of around 10 – 15% is customary in Uganda for good service. Tips are usually given in Uganda Shillings or US Dollars. If you are doing a gorilla trek, tipping is at your discretion – your porter (if you choose to take one) should usually receive the highest tip, with a second tip distributed between your guides, trackers and security personnel.
For in-depth tipping guidelines, enquire with one of our Africa Safari Experts – they’d be happy to share their knowledge with you.
The Top Highlights
Top places you must visit in Uganda include the following;